Presence of stones in the kidney due to a decrease in urine volume or excess of stone-forming substances in the urine. This causes back pain, abdominal pain, burning sensation during urination, blood in urine and fever.
If you or someone you know is exhibiting symptoms of Kidney stone, seek medical attention immediately.
Some kidney stones pass on their own when they are small before causing any symptoms. Larger stones block urine flow and cause painful symptoms such as:
- Pain in the abdomen or lower back, which is intermittent and severe radiating to groin, and testis in males is the most striking feature
- Pain worsens during movement
- Blood in urine
- Pus in urine
- Difficulty in urination, feeling of urgency, frequent, painful, burning urination
- Nausea, vomiting, chills and fever are seen in case of infection
- Urinary retention
- The formation of kidney stones cannot be attributed to a particular cause, but several factors increase the risk.
- The risk factors include:
- Dehydration: consuming inadequate amounts of water regularly for prolonged periods of time greatly increases the risk. People living in hot and dry climates and who sweat a lot are also at increased risk
- Family history: people who have an affected Family member are more likely to develop the disease
- Certain foods: high sodium diet, oxalate and foods that increase acid levels
- Diseases/surgery of the digestive tract: inflammatory bowel disease, gastric bypass surgery
- Certain medical conditions: hyperparathyroidism, sarcoidosis, urinary tract infection, some cancers
Ways to Prevent Kidney Stones
- Increase the intake of fluids.
- Treat the underlying cause to prevent recurrence.
- Maintain a healthy diet; consume foods rich in calcium and avoid calcium supplements, limit salt and animal protein.